Building and boosting the online presence has become a top priority for every business these days. Even those retailers who were highly dependent upon the physical visits had to pivot their services on the web due to the adverse situation of the pandemic. And therefore, comes web development frameworks into the picture. Let us explore some of the best web development frameworks in 2021.

What are web development frameworks?

A web framework (WF) or web application framework (WAF) is a software outline that is designed to support the development of web applications that include web services, web resources, and web APIs. They provide a universal way to build and implement web applications on the World Wide Web.

Advantages of Using Frameworks

Web developers rely on these frameworks as they simplify the creation and support of web projects. Let us look at some other advantages of web development frameworks.

Economic benefits

Looking from the business eyes, framework-based web development is less time and more cost-effective in most cases, thus proving to be very economic.

The speedy development with frameworks saves programmers the trouble of starting from scratch when starting a project. Pre-written templates and tools create the project quickly, thus significantly saving time. By using the web development frameworks, the developers can avoid numerous bugs and create a highly stable, reliable, and secure solution in a short period.

 

Web application frameworks

Technical benefits

The community ensures the quality of framework components, so the web developer can feel safe implementing them into the project and there are lesser errors. The unified structure makes it even easier to maintain and refine, thus allowing the web developer to seamlessly make changes and add functionalities. Since everything is preset and designed, the developer has to select and modify and the project is good to go, thus making the work much faster, higher quality, and assured higher loading capacity, which is crucial for eCommerce solutions.

Types of frameworks

All the web development frameworks can be broadly classified under front-end and backend frameworks. Where the backend is the server-side part and a frontend or a client-side part.

Frontend web frameworks 

Responsible for the user interface that is the visual appearance of a website or application that end-users interact with. The frontend web frameworks are based on the frontend programming languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, and cater to UX/UI design, templates, code snippets, SEO optimization, user interaction management, etc.

Backend web frameworks 

Responsible for the hidden part of a website or application that developers interact with. The developers deal with the server and database functioning, solution logic, and architecture, routing protocols, data security, authorization options, etc. the backend web frameworks are based on programming languages such as .NET, Ruby, Python, Java, and PHP.

Top 10 Web development frameworks in 2021

Let us start with the backend web frameworks

Django 

Is a Model-View-Template framework that uses Python for web development. Web giants like Google, YouTube, and Instagram use this framework. Django boasts its batteries-included feature, such as authentication and messaging. The backend web development framework follows the Convention Over Configuration pattern and the DRY pattern. Django provides tools and techniques for developers to establish a secure website or applies the security features in the framework itself such as preventing code execution in the template layer.

Rails

This is a Model-View-Controller framework that uses the programming language Ruby and is loved by many developers. Organizations like Airbnb, GitHub, Hulu, and Shopify are primary users of this backend web development framework. Rails are considered a beginner-friendly framework as it helps beginners to get started with web development pretty quickly. The Rails community is reliable and friendly. There are many tutorials, screencasts, and resources that extend help to become a rails expert in no time.

 

Rails web development framework

Laravel

Laravel is a Model-View-Controller framework that uses one of the most popular programming languages of the web, PHP. This backend wen framework is comparatively young compared to other frameworks. It comes with API support out of the box, and it also possesses a decent number of packages that help extend its reach.

Flask

Flask is a python-based web framework used in backend development. Since it is classified as a micro-framework, it does not require any specific libraries or tools nor the database abstraction layer. This backend web framework is capable of making some splendid applications. It is the second-best web development framework after Django.

Now let us look at some frontend web frameworks

Angular 

It is one of the best web development frameworks for websites, mobile web, native mobile, and native desktop development. With Angular, the web developer can create cross-platform solutions that have high speed and performance.

React 

React is not exactly a framework, but a frontend library although many developers consider it a framework and it’s usually compared in that context. This frontend web development framework was the first to embrace the component-based architecture that many other frameworks started adopting later. Its virtual dom renders the dom-manipulation much faster, and it’s quite easy to pick up. React could be used server-side or client-side. This frontend web development framework was developed and maintained by Facebook. Instagram uses the same frontend web framework.

 

Frontend web development frameworks

Vue 

The recent open-source frontend framework Vue is based on JavaScript and is one of the most promising tools for building user interfaces. This frontend web development framework features a highly flexible and adaptable architecture, called the MVVM pattern, that can be easily incorporated with third-party solutions. The developers can choose from numerous components, using Vue as a library to improve existing apps or utilizing it as a full-featured framework.

Ember 

This frontend web development framework was named the best Javascript framework back in 2015. Present-day, the Ember community is gigantic, and ever-expanding, with new features, and releases added regularly. Giants like Google, Microsoft, Heroku, and Netflix often use this framework. It revolves around the developer’s productivity and attempts to maximize it by either eliminating the need for time-wasting activities or adopting some JS best practices in its core design.

Backbone

Backbone is an extremely light front-end framework that’s perfect for building rich Single-Page applications. This frontend web development framework follows an MV* pattern and partly implements the MVC design. Backbone only has one core reliance, which is the Underscore library, and it has a vibrant ecosystem, when added to Mustache and Marionette, allowing the developers to build comprehensive client-side applications.

jQuery

jQuery is a quick, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. According to the developer’s survey 2020 by Stack Overflow, jQuery got the 1st position as the most used web frameworks among developers.

Some of its features are include its supports to both HTML and DOM document traversal and manipulation. The framework makes easier Azax with an easy-to-use API that works across a variety of browsers.

Conclusion 

These frontend and backend web development frameworks allow every category of business to reach its top game with the perfect technical help. Thus, helping every business to shift and settle comfortably on the online mode.